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The use of CMS(Contents Management System)

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The management of Web contents with CMS

We will explain CMS, which enables to create and manage the contents simply in publishing the Web page here. And we will explain the installment of CMS with WordPress package in webpage service.

About CMS

CMS, abbreviation of Contents Management System, enables to add, renew, and delete the contents of images or documents to be published in Web page from the Web browser simply.

To publish Webpage, we are required to create the HTML and upload with the file forwarding software in renewing generally. Therefore we are required to have enough knowledge and make an effort to publish and manage the Web page.

In creating and publishing this with CMS, all we have to do is to enter the text choosing the format(pattern) for the page layout and to choose the image to be posted. Then the Web page will be published. In short, we can complete the whole operation only on the Web browser, just the same feeling as creating texts in Word professor.

So is the case in installing the Web application of bulletin board. Generally, we are required to design the Web application from the beginning and implement the program with the language such as PHP or to search the published sample program In particular it requires the knowledge of programming in addition to that of HTML in implementing by yourself. CMS will be available just in choosing the function you use because those above mentioned is included from the beginning as a function.

CMSを利用したWebコンテンツ管理

Therefore CMS enables you to reduce the necessary labor to create and manage the Web contents and perform easily. There might be the case that the limitation of the expression such as the flexibility of layout occurs in comparison with the completion of the Web page created with HTML tag because CMS implement the Web page instead of human.

However most of the Web page is enough with the implementation of by CMS because the substance of the contents and visibility is important from the nature of the information transmitting. CMS is used in the various place in the published Web page including the website for business in reality.

CMS is provided as the Web application of PHP or CGI and is operating under the server environment available.VM hosting service, and CGI/PHP package and WordPress package of Webpage service support PHP and CGI, and you can download and install the CMS you want to use.CMS develop various package including open source and those for business.

Typical CMS installed in Web page service

Various CMC (including the non-free CMS for business and free open-source CMS) are provided in the world. We will introduce the typical CMS available in the Web page service here.

    The fee for the license will be charged in using the CMS for business.

    The CMS not mentioned here will be available if they meet the criteria of the operation for web page. However the request for the installment of the application to the server, changing the parameter or adding module to the server for the installment of CMS is not acceptable because of the feature of using the web page service which many users share the same server environment.

    Please apply for VM hosting service which provides the environment for computer of the occupation and use it operating the web server in this case. Also the LMS which specialize in the educational support such as Moodle requires the environment for computer with high specifications. You can use VM hosting service in this case as well.

    SSL setting

    CMS is installed the log in function with user's authentication. We recommend you to use SSL because there is a risk of leaking the ID or password you entered in authentication in case the communication between the server clients is not encrypted.

    In using SSL in web page service or VM hosting service, additional fee is not charged. You can use UPKI open domain certificate provided by NII if you don't specify particularly and the certificate will be issued without charge.(If you use the certificate issued by the other institute, users have to pay the fee.).

    For the details about use of SSL, please inquire Information IT division.

    About security measure

    With the increasing use of CMS, the attack such as unauthorized access to the Web site or the alteration aims at the vulnerability of CMS occurs a lot. In installing CMS, please check the update information frequently and be sure to use with the latest version because there might be the cases that the latest version published in the CMS source include the important renewal such as security batch.

    In using product or module(Their name differs depending on the CMS) to add or expand the function in CMS, please don't forget to update them.

    CMS has the type for writing down the contents in the public_html directly with the Apache user in Web server(ex.Joomla!). They tend to be the target of an attack because of the feature for embedding the script to attack the other server or to alter the website. Please be noted this point in considering which CMS to use.

    Installation of CMS with WordPress package

    We will explain the procedure for updating when the installation and the latest version of CMS with WordPress package in web page service was published. Please refer to the WordPress official website about the creation and management of the Web site with WordPress.

    The image of the explanation from here is from the content of 3.7.0, the version of Wordpress when this contents were created. When it was updated in version, there might be the case that the display or the configuration of the files, input items would differ a bit. Please be noted that.(WordPress will be provided at the latest version in your application on package.)

    1.Installation

    The installation display appears in accessing to the website after entering your domain(when applying) in the address bar.

    The display won't appear without the DNS registration by KUINS. In that case you are required toset your proxy server for test before publishing to browser or to set the IP address for publishing to hosts files,which enables installation display to appear.(Installation display has access limitation so that it appears only for the access from on-campus. In installing from the network off-campus, please cancel the access limitation after editing .htaccess file.).

    WPパッケージインストール画面

    You are required to enter the following items in installation display.

    • The title of the website
    • The administrator user's name of WordPress
    • The password of administrator user
    • Contact mail address

    The user's name of WordPress will be the account valid only in WordPress of publishing Website. The user's name to be registered in installation display has administrator rights to edit the website. Please be noted that you can't access to the database or the FTP server in webpage service with your user's name registered.

    You are required to specify the password which can't be inferred easily. The security strength of the password entered in the strength indicator will appear. Please make it reference.

    In entering the necessary items and pressing "Installing WordPress", the installation will be performed.The following page will appear if the installation is successful.

      WPインストール完了画面

      Then, the log in display to the administrating will be displayed, Please log in with your WP user's name which you registered in your installation and password.

      WPログイン画面

      2.Updating to the latest version

      WordPress package in web page service provide the latest WordPress at the point in application, however, you are required to update the version after the provision.

      If you are required to update, the message will appear at the top of the dashboard (the display to manage the website) in WordPress.(There is a case that important notice will be posted. Please log in the administrator display frequently even though you are not going to renew the website for a while.)

      WP更新通知

      In clicking the message, the renewal display of WordPress will appear and the renewable list will be displayed. Press "renew on the spot" for your performance.

      WP更新画面1

      The connection screen to FTP server will be displayed in your renewal. You are required to enter the FTP server and port number for host name.

      ftpserv.iimc.kyoto-u.ac.jp: Port number

      You are required to enter the account connectable to the FTP server registered as updating person in Web page for FTP user's name(either SPS-ID or ECS-ID or the account for traders). Please be noted that you can't renew the website by entering user's name for WordPress.

      WP更新画面2

      If you press "start" button, the updating will start.

      WordPress has the mode that Apache in Web server overwrite the file directly with automatic updating(not using FTP), however, there might be the case that it will be damaged such as alteration in case the vulnerability to abuse these functions are discovered. Please use the updating function with FTP mode.

      Introduction of reference books

      • いちばんやさしい WordPress の教本 人気講師が教える本格Webサイトの作り方
        著者:石川栄和, 大串肇, 星野邦敏 発行:インプレスジャパン
      • WordPressがスッキリわかる本 WordPress 3.6/3.7対応
        著者:リブロワークス 発行:マイナビ
      • はじめてのWordPressリデザイン&カスタマイズ
        著者:原 久鷹 発行:秀和システム

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